Source : Mankind Quarterly, Winter98, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p231, 19p
Author : J. Philippe Rushton
Abstract : Presents information on a study which defends the concept of race against a coordinated political campaign to deconstruct basic biology. Information on a policy statement on race adopted by the American Association of Anthropology; Discussion on deconstructing race; Review on the differences among difference race.
Race is More Than Just Skin Deep: A Psychologist’s View.
This article defends the concept of “race” against a coordinated political campaign to deconstrunct basic biology. It briefly reviews some of the most reliably documented Black-White differences, such as those in brain size, IQ, violent crime, testosterone, sexuality and AIDs. Although these racial differences are now reliably found worldwide (not just within the USA), many in the media and scholarly associations continue to try and deny them or attribute them to “political circumstance.” “Statements on Race” made by organizations such as the American Association for Anthropology are discussed and found to be wanting.
Key Words: AAA Statement on Race, brain size, crime, evolution, intelligence.
Earlier AAA resolutions against racism (1961, 1969, 1971, 1972) have spoken to this concern. The AAA further resolves:
WHEREAS all human beings are members of one species, Homo sapiens, and
WHEREAS differentiating species into biologically defined “races” has proven meaningless and unscientific as a way of explaining variation (whether in intelligence or other traits),
THEREFORE, the American Anthropological Association urges the academy, our political leaders and our communities to affirm, without distraction by mistaken claims of racially determined intelligence, the common stake in assuring equal opportunity, in respecting diversity and in securing a harmonious quality of life for all people.
So now we know! Some discussion of the AAA Statement was hyped in the media. “No Biological Basis for Race, Scientists Say” proclaimed the San Francisco Chronicle (February 23, 1998). Science writer Charles Petit quoted the AAA as saying that “The concept of race is a social and cultural construction …. Race simply cannot be tested or proven scientifically…It is clear that human populations are not unambiguous, clearly demarcated, biologically distinct groups. The concept of `race’ has no validity…in the human species.” Petit went on to add supportive quotes from Jonathan Marks, a well known Berkeley anthropologist, Robert Sussman, an editor of the American Anthropologist, and Luigi Cavalli-Sforza, the Stanford University geneticist. He also cited Jefferson Fish, a psychologist at St. John’s University in New York who challenged President Clinton’s Initiative on Race because he believes the very concept of race is bogus. “This dialogue on race is driving me up the wall,” said Fish. “What is race?” The reporter answered for him: “It is a biologically meaningless category.”
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By J. Philippe Rushton1, University of Western Ontario